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Special Technologies and Services Cluster: Healthcare

Certified orthotists (COs) and certified prosthetists (CPs) fabricate and fit upper and lower limb devices designed to replace or repair those lost or disabled through injury or disease. Orthotists fabricate and fit orthopedic braces; prosthetists fabricate and fit artificial limbs. Some people may be qualified to work in both areas. They examine and measure patients and custom fabricate prosthetic or orthotic devices to individual specifications. These professionals must be familiar with different materials and designs, accurately measure the static and dynamic proportions of the affected limb, and work closely with their patients to choose the ideal combination of products to best suit the patient’s needs and desires.

Perfusionists operate special equipment commonly known as the heart-lung machine that temporarily takes over a patient’s respiratory (breathing) and/or circulatory (blood movement) functions. The machine fills the role of the heart and lungs during surgery. This ensures that oxygen reaches the patient’s body through the blood, even when the patient’s heart and lungs have been temporarily stopped so that it is easier for the surgeon to work on them. As a member of the surgical team, the perfusionist must monitor the altered circulatory process closely, take appropriate corrective action when necessary, and keep both the surgeon and the anesthesiologist fully informed.

Electroneurodiagnostic Technologist
Electroneurodiagnostic technologists record the electrical activity of the brain and nervous system. This activity is recorded by electrodes on the scalp or other regions of the body, using the electroencephalographic (EEG) and other electrophysiological equipment, including NCS (nerve conduction studies), IONM (intraoperative monitoring), EP (evoked potentials), and PSG (polysomnography or sleep studies). Electroneurodiagnostic technologists must have a thorough knowledge of euromedicine, be able to recognize the activity recorded by their instruments and be able to communicate the information effectively to other health care personnel.

Cardiovascular Technologist
Cardiovascular technologists determine how well the heart and blood vessels are functioning. They use the following techniques: cardiac catheterization, which involves inserting an instrument into the body to monitor the heart and blood vessels; echocardiography, which uses sound waves to produce images of the heart chambers and valves; and electrocardiography, which uses electrodes placed on the body to detect the heart’s electrical activity. Physicians use the results of these tests to determine the presence of heart disease.

Surgical Technologist
Surgical technologists are members of operating room teams, which most commonly include surgeons, anesthesiologists, and circulating nurses. Before an operation, surgical technologists help prepare the operating room by setting up surgical instruments and equipment, sterile drapes, and sterile solutions. They assemble surgical equipment, as well as get patients ready for surgery by preparing the incision site. They transport patients to the operating room, help position them on the operating table, and cover them with sterile surgical drapes. During surgery, technologists pass instruments and other sterile supplies to surgeons and surgeon assistants and operate diagnostic equipment. Surgical technologists help prepare, care for, and dispose of specimens taken for laboratory analysis and help apply dressings.


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Clinical Nurse Specialist

Salary Range: $42,000-$77,000
Education offered at: UNCG-JSNN (MSN, Cert), WSSU (MSN)
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