Occupational Health and Safety Specialist The broad title of occupational health and safety specialist includes all occupational health and safety professionals who work to eliminate illnesses and injuries in the workplace. These professionals evaluate and communicate the risks associated with hazards and develop methods to control or eliminate them. Occupational health specialists may measure, evaluate, and control chemical or radiological exposures, redesign machinery to reduce the risk of injuries, or perform job safety analyses to identify risks associated with particular work tasks. These professionals develop and update global as well as site-specific hazard control programs, which they later evaluate for effectiveness. Occupational health and safety specialists comprise professionals from many disciplines, including industrial hygienists, safety engineers, occupational and health technologists, ergonomists, risk managers, toxicologists, and occupational nurses.
Medical Research Scientist Researchers who specialize in health and medical research study diseases, drugs, microorganisms, genetics, and many other areas of human and animal health to develop new treatments or new understanding of diseases and environmental hazards.
Health Physicist Health physics is a scientific discipline devoted to the study of radiation and its effects on living things. Health physicists develop or implement methods to evaluate radiation hazards and to protect humans and the environment from radiation. They may study issues such as radioactive waste disposal, nuclear energy, indoor radon, and other potential hazards. Health physicists who work in regulatory enforcement establish guidelines for adequate radiation control.
Biomedical Engineer Biomedical engineers apply engineering techniques to solve biological and medical problems. Environmental engineers study the environment to determine methods for improving air and water quality. In clinical engineering, the biomedical engineer designs and maintains diagnostic and health care delivery systems. In medical engineering, the biomedical engineer develops artificial organs and limbs, diagnostic and therapeutic devices, pacemakers, and imaging equipment. These engineers may also carry out research in the medical field which provides ideas for innovative projects.
Biomedical Equipment Technician Biomedical equipment technicians install, operate, repair, and maintain equipment such as X-ray machines, incubators, electronic thermometers, dental equipment, cardiac pressure monitors, and sterilizers. The biomedical equipment technician also instructs other health care personnel in the correct use of the equipment and assists in the evaluation of new devices.