Health Information and Communications - Data FocusedCluster:Healthcare
Medical, Science, and Technical Writer Medical, science, and technical writers are involved in many communication activities, including presenting health information to the public in informative and interesting styles and making professional, scientific, and technical information available to health specialists. They may write for newspapers, magazines, radio, television, public relations publications, professional periodicals, or the Internet. Technical writers deal with the same subject matter as science writers, but while technical writers draw an audience of health care professionals, science writers translate technical information into language that lay people can understand. Medical writers and editors are trained as journalists who write or edit health-related books, articles, and brochures on a freelance basis or as part of a professional staff.
Health Information Technician Health information technicians have responsibility for a variety of technical and/or managerial duties in the management of health information, including diagnostic coding and data analysis as well as health systems and record maintenance. They are experts in managing, maintaining and protecting health information and medical records, whether they are in electronic or paper media. A health record is created for every patient and contains the who, what, when, where, why and how of patient care. The information is used to diagnose, treat and plan health care services, evaluate overall quality of care, and accurately bill for services that are provided. Health information technicians receive certification as Registered Health Information Technicians (RHITs) by passing a national registry exam.
Medical Illustrator Medical illustrators are artists who create graphics to meet the requirements of communication media for the biosciences. This work may be used in publications, film, television, exhibits, and three-dimensional models. Because of the variety of assignments in medical illustration, the artists must be accomplished in drawing, painting, and modeling techniques as well as experienced in the media and materials of commercial art. A medical illustrator may work as a member of a research team to provide illustrations and assist with the study. Medical illustrators may also be responsible for preparing charts, graphs, and tables of statistical data. Some artists specialize in preparing artificial body parts such as noses, eyes, or ears to be used when patients require cosmetic or functional improvements. Still others prepare models for instructional purposes. They must have a strong foundation in anatomy and general medical knowledge to ensure the authenticity of their work.
Biological Photographer In order to photograph and document scientific information, biomedical photographers are specially trained in the areas of medicine, biology, chemistry, or other health subjects. Typically, their work is used in research reports, scientific publications, medical journals, or textbooks. In addition to being skilled in all technical aspects of photography, biomedical photographers must also be familiar with the biological sciences. A unique technique these professionals employ is photomicrography, which allows a microscopic object, such as a virus or bacteria, to appear in full detail to the unaided eye. A biomedical photographer may also document a surgical procedure, photograph an autopsy, or create a visual record of specimens.
Certified Coder Certified coders apply appropriate national diagnostic and procedural codes to individual patient health data for analysis, reporting, research, claims processing and reimbursement. There are three types of certified coders: certified coding specialist (CCS), certified coding specialist, physician-based (CCS-P), and certified coding assistant (CCA). CCSs and CCS-Ps have successfully passed a national medical coding certification exam designed to measure their understanding of medical terminology, disease processes, pharmacology, and application of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9-CM) and current procedural terminology (CPT) surgery coding systems. CCS-Ps must also be proficient in the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS Level II). Certified coding assistants are entry-level coders who are able to distinguish themselves from non-credentialed coders.
Health Information Administrator Health information management professionals collect, analyze, organize, integrate, and disseminate health care data that doctors, nurses and other health care providers rely on to deliver quality health care. They are experts in managing, maintaining and protecting health information and medical records, whether they are in electronic or paper media. A health record is created for every patient and contains the who, what, when, where, why and how of patient care. The information is used to diagnose, treat and plan health care services, evaluate overall quality of care, and accurately bill for services that are provided. Health information administrators receive certification as Registered Health Information Administrators (RHIAs) by passing a national registry exam. They design, implement and manage automated and manual health information systems in order to assure medical, legal, and ethical standards are met. The skills acquired in managing and displaying data provide them with numerous career growth opportunities.
Health Sciences Information Librarian Health sciences information librarians are specialists in the development, maintenance and administration of information systems including databases, collaborative networks, multimedia, instructional media and emerging technologies. They provide access to information in emerging fields like genomics, biopreparedness, and alternative health care for health professionals, biomedical researchers, and members of the public. Responsibilities include locating specialized medical information via print and online sources, creating digital libraries, choosing and purchasing both print and online books and journals, and organizing print and online resources for quick and easy usage. They also teach health care professionals, students, and members of the public how to locate and use information resources found on the Internet and in print.