Cytotechnologist Cytotechnology is the study of cells, the basic units of living tissue. Cytotechnologists (CTs) are specially trained laboratory technologists who study the structure and function of cells in the human body. They prepare slides of cell samples for examination, and must be able to recognize abnormalities in the color, size, shape, makeup, and patterns of the cells. After conducting an initial screening of cell samples, the cytotechnologists diagnosis is then confirmed by a pathologist. The role of the cytotechnologist extends beyond the detection of malignancy and includes such issues as quality improvement, laboratory management, teaching, research, and consumer/patient education.
Clinical Laboratory Scientist Clinical laboratory scientists (CLS) or medical technologists (MTs) perform laboratory tests necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Clinical laboratory scientists oversee many laboratory operations and supervise medical laboratory technicians and other personnel. They often work with pathologists, other physicians, and scientists, using computers, chemicals, microscopes and other instruments to examine and perform tests on body fluids and tissues. CLS/MT graduates can assume supervisory positions with experience.
Histologic Technologist/ Technician Histologic technicians (HTs) and technologists (HTLs) are clinical laboratory workers who prepare body tissues for microscopic examination by pathologists (medical doctors specializing in tissue disease). Histologic technicians perform such tasks as sectioning and staining tissues, embedding tissues in paraffin or plastic, preparing frozen sections of tissues directly from the operating room, and operating intricate equipment. Histotechnologists perform all of the tasks of a technician and more complex procedures as well. They may do analyses of sample histochemistry, explore immunological links to disease, prepare samples for electron microscopy, or supervise and teach others. Both careers are vital to the early detection of disease and illness.
Clinical Laboratory Technician (Medical Laboratory Technician) Clinical laboratory technicians (CLTs) or medical laboratory technicians (MLTs) are clinical laboratory personnel who perform a variety of tests under the supervision of a medical technologist. They aid in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease and accomplish this through specific tasks, including inoculating culture media, performing microscopic evaluations, and operating high-tech equipment. CLTs perform routine tests in the areas of blood banking, chemistry, hematology, immunology, microbiology, and urinalysis-an experienced CLT will be familiar with all of these areas.
Phlebotomist Phlebotomists are specially trained to draw blood samples needed for medical tests and blood donations and to keep careful records of the blood tests. The phlebotomist helps hospitals, clinical laboratories, blood banks, and other health care facilities to ensure that blood samples are taken with safety, accuracy, and efficiency and with the least discomfort to the patient.